Christ Jesus Lay in Death’s Strong Bands

Tune: Christ lag in Todesbanden

  1. Christ Jesus lay in death’s strong bands
    For our offenses given;
    But now at God’s right hand He stands
    And brings us life from heaven.
    Therefore let us joyful be
    And sing to God right thankfully
    Loud songs of Alleluia!
    Alleluia!

  2. No son of man could conquer Death,
    Such ruin sin had wrought us.
    No innocence was found on earth,
    And therefore Death had brought us
    Into bondage from of old
    And ever grew more strong and bold
    And held us as his captive.
    Alleluia!

  3. But Jesus Christ, God’s only Son,
    To our low state descended;
    The pow’r of sin He hath undone,
    The might of Death is ended:
    Stripped of pow’r, no more he reigns;
    An empty form alone remains;
    His sting is lost forever.
    Alleluia!

  4. It was a strange and dreadful strife
    When Life and Death contended;
    The victory remained with Life,
    The reign of Death was ended.
    Holy Scripture plainly saith
    That Death is swallowed up by Death,
    Made henceforth a derision.
    Alleluia!

  5. Here our true Paschal Lamb we see,
    Whom God so freely gave us;
    He died on the accursèd tree—
    So strong His love!—to save us.
    See, His blood doth mark our door;
    Faith points to it, Death passes o’er,
    The Murd’rer cannot harm us.
    Alleluia!

  6. So let us keep the festival
    Whereto the Lord invites us;
    Christ is Himself the Joy of all,
    The Sun that warms and lights us.
    By His grace doth He impart
    Eternal sunshine to the heart;
    The night of sin is ended.
    Alleluia!

  7. Then let us feast this Easter Day
    On Christ, the Bread of heaven;
    The Word of Grace hath purged away
    The old and evil leaven.
    Christ alone our souls will feed,
    He is our meat and drink indeed;
    Faith lives upon no other.
    Alleluia!

Christ lag in Todesbanden
Martin Luther, 1524
Tr. Richard Massie, 1854, alt.


German Text

Tune: Christ lag in Todesbanden

  1. Christ lag in Todesbanden,
    Für unser Sünd gegeben,
    Der ist wider erstanden
    Und hat uns bracht das Leben.
    Des wir sollen fröhlich sein,
    Gott loben und dankbar sein
    Und singen Alleluia!
    Alleluia!

  2. Den Tod niemand zwingen kunnt
    Bei allen Menschenkinden,
    Das macht alles unser Sünd,
    Kein Unschuld war zu finden.
    Davon kam der Tod so bald
    Und nahm über uns Gewalt,
    Hielt uns in seim Reich gefangen.
    Alleluia!

  3. Jesus Christus, Gottes Sohn,
    An unser Statt ist kommen
    Und hat die Sünd abgetan,
    Damit dem Tod genommen
    All sein Recht und sein Gewalt,
    Da bleibt nichts denn Todsgestalt,
    Den Stachel hat er verloren.
    Alleluia!

  4. Es war ein wunderlich Krieg,
    Da Tod und Leben rungen;
    Das Leben behielt den Sieg,
    Es hat den Tod verschlungen;
    Die Schrift hat verkündet das,
    Wie ein Tod den andern fraß,
    Ein Spott aus dem Tod ist worden.
    Alleluia!

  5. Hier ist das recht Osterlamm,
    Davon Gott hat geboten,
    Das ist an des Kreuzes Stamm
    In Heißer Lieb gebraten;
    Des Blut zeichnet unser Tür,
    Das hält der Glaub dem Tod für,
    Der Würger kann uns nicht rühren.
    Alleluia!

  6. So feiern wir das hoh Fest
    Mit Herzensfreud und Wonne,
    Das uns der Herr scheinen läßt;
    Er ist selber die Sonne,
    Der durch seiner Gnaden Glanz
    Erleucht unser Herzen ganz,
    Der Sünden Nacht ist vergangen.
    Alleluia!

  7. Wir essen und leben wohl
    In rechten Osterfladen,
    Der alte Saurteig nicht soll
    Sein bei dem Wort der Gnaden.
    Christus will die Koste sein
    Und speisen die Seel allein,
    Der Glaub will keins andern leben.
    Alleluia!

Martin Luther, 1524
Source: C.F.W. Walther’s Kirchen-Gesangbuch, 1898 printing, No. 99


 

Available Recordings

There are a number of fine recordings of this hymn available. Here are a few of the best:

  • Weser Renaissance performs an arrangement by Andreas Hammerschmidt on the album Andreas Hammerschmidt: Sacred Works, track 6 (iTunesAmazonMP3).
  • Con Anima performs an arrangement by Michael Praetorius on the album Gelobet seist du, track 23 (iTunesAmazonMP3).
  • Schola Stralsundensis performs an arrangement by Antonio Scandello, an Italian musician who served for some time in Dresden and made valuable contributions to the Lutheran chorale tradition, on the album Petitiones Cordis, track 7 (iTunesAmazonMP3).
  • Ensemble Sagittarius performs an arrangement by Johann Hermann Schein, from his Opella Nova, on the album J.H. Schein: Opella Nova & Fontana d’Israel, track 15 (iTunesAmazonMP3).

 


Martin Luther

Martin Luther, 1483–1546, portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1533


Author: Martin Luther
Source: Eyn Enchiridion oder Handbüchlein, Erfurt, 1524

Luther’s hymn “Christ Jesus Lay in Death’s Strong Bands (Christ lag in Todesbanden)” is his reworking and expansion of the earlier “Christ Is Arisen (Christ ist erstanden),” which was one of his favorite hymns. It first appeared in the Erfurt Enchiridion of 1524. From there it worked its way into virtually all subsequent Lutheran hymnals.

A scan of the first page of the hymn in its original printing.
The first page of “Christ lag in Todesbanden” as it originally appeared in the Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524.

Luther’s original follows a rather more complex metrical form than the English version would suggest. The English is a straightforward 8.7. 8.7. 7.8. 7.4., whereas Luther’s German has seven syllables in each line leading up to the final Alleluia. That means that a slur is included in the first line of the A section that is not present in the English version, and for the meter to be maintained, the slur must move to a different syllable from stanza to stanza.

The translation, which is in the public domain, is that by Richard Massie, 1854, as altered for the Lutheran Service Book, 2006, No. 458, though some phrases have been restored from the Evangelical Lutheran Hymn-Book, 1927, No. 224, as better reflecting the German original.